BATTERY CARE AND MAINTENNANCE

If your company relies on a electric forklift then you will know that the battery is the heart of your truck and it is essential that your battery is well maintained.
Most electric trucks contain lead acid batteries. These batteries are a m​​ature, reliable and well-understood technology – when used correctly, lead-acid is durable and provides dependable service.
They have a self-discharge rate that is among the lowest of all rechargeable battery systems.
Lead-acid is capable of the high discharge rates needed to effectively operate a forklift truck.

Caring for your Battery
The cell voltage of a lead-acid battery should never drop below 2.10V, meaning they cannot be stored in a discharged condition.
Operators should be careful to avoid deep-cycling.  When a battery is deeply discharged, the strain shortens its life as Lead-acid technology can only handle a limited number of full discharge cycles meaning that your forklift, tug or other electric vehicle should be charged regularly and never allowed to fully discharge.

Although less likely in a lead-acid battery, in cases of improper charging
, some rechargeable batteries can experience thermal runaway resulting in overheating meaning sealed cells may sometimes explode violently.
At Gardner Technical Services we include proper battery care and maintennance as part of all our operator courses to help you ensure the best battery life for your trucks.

For more information on operator courses click here.
 
Transporting Batteries
Lead content and electrolyte make the forklift battery environmentally unfriendly and covered by European Waste Codings therefore there are transportation restrictions on flooded lead acid due to environmental concerns regarding spillage.

Batteries should always:
  • Be secured in such a way that they cannot leak, slip, fall or be damaged, e.g. by stacking on pallets;
  • Be protected against short circuits;
  • Be checked to ensure their cases are undamaged;